Wednesday, April 20, 2011

Art: Space and Shape

Space, it's all around us. Do you take it for granted? Do you give much thought about it? I never really did. After all, it's something we're used to from the time we are born. It's just the way things are. 

And what about shapes? Shapes are all around us. How did they originate? I didn't give much thought about this before either. Do the concepts of space and shapes go back to the Bible? Let's find out...

Leading Idea: 
Space and shape affect one another.

Biblical Principle: 
Space and shape took place during the days of creation.


Webster's 1828 Dictionary
Space, n.

1. Room; extension. Space in the abstract, is more extension.

2. A quantity of extension. In relation to bodies, space is the interval between any two or more objects; as the space between two stars or two hills. The quantity of space or extent between bodies, constitute their distance from each other.

Genesis 1:1 says:  
"In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth." KJV

Genesis 1: 6-8 says:
"6And God said, Let there be a firmament in the midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters.
 7And God made the firmament, and divided the waters which were under the firmament from the waters which were above the firmament: and it was so.
 8And God called the firmament Heaven. And the evening and the morning were the second day." KJV

Genesis 1:9, 10
" 9And God said, Let the waters under the heaven be gathered together unto one place, and let the dry land appear: and it was so.
 10And God called the dry land Earth; and the gathering together of the waters called he Seas: and God saw that it was good." KJV


We can reason from the above scriptures that space was created during the days of creation. There is space between the heavens and the earth. There is distance between the waters and the lands.

Webster's 1828 Dictionary
Shape, n.

1. Form or figure as constituted by lines and angles; as the shape of a horse or a tree; the shape of the head, hand or foot.

5. Idea; pattern.

Genesis 1:26 says: 
"26And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth." KJV


The Hebrew word for "formed" means to shape or to mold as a potter molds clay. We see that the concept of shape was created during the days of creation as well.

Where do we see the basic shapes of circles, squares, and triangles in creation? Below are some ideas, but see what your students can come up with:

Circles- pupils (eye), sun
Squares- salt crystals, some markings on a giraffe,
Triangles- mountains, trees


Art Application: 
  • Space 
  •  Shapes
  • The Principle of Individuality
8.5" x 11" card stock (one per student)

Construction paper cut into different basic shapes.
Glue Sticks.

Art Project: (For kids ages 5 to 11 years. The younger kids glued shapes onto their paper.)

  1. Instruct your students to keep their eyes on their own paper during this project.
  2. Name one shape at a time for them to draw (paste) on their paper. They can use as many shapes as they like of each basic shape.
  3. Have your students paint in the shapes.
  4. (Use the hair dryer to speed up the drying process if need be.)
  5. Have your students walk around and take a look at each paper.
  6. Discuss how the use of space and shape is different and how each piece reflects the individuality of each person.
Below is a sample of the variety that can happen from this project. I was really impressed with the different ideas the kids came up with on their own- especially when limited to 3 basic shapes!

What Some of the Kids Did!

10 Years Old

10 Years Old
(The black image (a submarine) is made up of
small squares and then they are all painted in.)

 9 Years Old

 7 Years Old

 6 Years Old

 6 Years Old

    Hole punch the "canvas" and file the art away in the Notebook (or frame it and hang it on the wall!). You may also have your children write down some notes from the research and reasoning. Another option is to create a photo book of their art and notes.

    This lesson content is © 2011 Principled Academy Home School. All rights reserved.
    Permission is granted for educational purposes only- but not for profit. Thank You.

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